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MIG@NET Synthesis Report – Literature Review and Policy Analysis

This report constitutes a review of the existing literature on transnational digital networks, migration and gender in eight national contexts and a policy analysis at the EU and national levels. Although the examined countries do not share similar migration histories and profiles, although research on gender and particularly on digital networks mark different starting points and different trajectories in each country, we can discern some converging tendencies among them and – more importantly – potential research questions that can be tackled within MIG@NET project.

Coming to the specific set of questions that concern this report, and looking through the existing literature on Transnational digital networks, migration and gender, and particularly on the intersection, interconnection or even combination of these three variables, what can be deduced at first glance is the lack or the unevenness of interconnection among them. Here, we will give a brief outline of research and literature relative to each one of the three variables concerned, and we will try to explore existing examples of at least partial interconnection.

As far as policies are concerned, the report argues that the diversity of national policies has undermined the development of this field and as a result Europe is behind the US and many Asian countries in the development of digital technologies and networks. The European information society is considered as a “key economic, political and social process” that will enable the European societies to overcome the crisis by 2020. The report identifies seven problem areas and proposes specific measures to overcome them: (1) Fragmented digital markets, (2) Lack of interoperability, (3) Rising cybercrime and risk of low trust in networks, (4) Lack of investment in networks, (5) Insufficient research and innovation methods, (6) Lack of digital literacy and skills, (7) Missed opportunities in addressing societal challenges.

Download the report in PDF format.